LOCATION OF SAFRANBOLU
Safranbolu is located at West of Black Sea Region of Türkiye 65 kilometers inland from the sea and its coordinates are 41 degree 16 minute northern latitude, 32 degree 41 minute eastern longitude. Safranbolu is town of Karabük Province which is only 8 kilometers away from the center of the city. It has been surrounded by Karabük, Bartın and Kastamonu. It is possible to reach the down from three different roads. 82 kilometers long road to Karabük coming from Ankara-İstanbul highway separated at Gerede, continues from here for 8 kms and reaches Safranbolu. This road is the most using road of all. At the north of the town there is Bartın and at the east is Kastamonu. It is possible to reach Karabük city center by railways. Transportation by airways has not been established yet.
SAFRANBOLU IN HISTORY￼
￼It is estimated that the history of Safranbolu goes back to the year 3000 B.C. The most ancient civilization known is Gasgases. Then came the Hittites, Dorians, Paphlagons, Chymerians, Lidians, Persians, Cappadocians, Hellens, Pontuses, Galatians, Bitians, Romans, Seljuks and the Ottomans who ruled the region.
The region came under the rule of the Turks in the year 1196 under Muhittin Mesut Shah, the sonof the Seljuk Sultan Kilic Arslan 2. After the Seljuks, the region was ruled the Cobanoglu Principality, Gerede Principality and Candaroglu Principality respectively and finally the region came under the rule of the Ottomans. With the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in the year 1927 Safranbolu became a county of Zonguldak and 1995 when Karabük became a province, it became a county of Karabük.
UNESCO HISTORICAL BAZAAR
In early days, this wonderful bazaar which is protected by UNESCO today was an important Trade Centre containing numerous work places which cover approximately 10-15 m² fields. Many of the old houses in old town are restored as boutique hotels and restaurants. Also a lot of hosts have been converted into interesting museums where you can fell like living in Ottoman’s times. Many stores such as iron working, forging, shoemaking, saddle and copper work were found as a guild, the basic medieval manufacturing organization here. Thus, the streets of Safranbolu Bazaar are called and classified according to handwork like Shoemaker House, Saddlers House, Merchant House and Butchers House, which causes that the people can easily find all kinds of handicrafts and materials in the magnificent bazaar. Today, when you visit this glorious place, you see the other market places; these are mainly Shoemakers, Ironworking and Copper working Bazaars.
CRYSTAL TERRACE AND CANIONS
Crystal Terrace is one of the most visited place of Safranbolu. This cliff-top cafe with a glass platform suspended from the cliff edge, 80 meters above the Tokatlı Canyon, is a favourite with tourist groups. When you are on the terrace, you will feel like walking in the air. If you are afraid of height, you prepare yourself to scare.
The Tokatlı Canyon which is near the village of Tokatlı is combined with features and a natural formation of very interesting history. The canyon has been formed as a result of erosion of thousands of year’s limestone layers of Hızar creek bed. There is not only the big Tokatli one, but also Sakaralan, Sırçalı and Düzce Canyon. First one Sakaralan Canyon is located between Yörük and Konarı village which are located 11 km away from Safranbolu. And the second one Sırçalı Canyon is located near the same name village called Sırçalı, it has similar features with Sakaralan Canyon. Third canyon which is Düzce Canyon has name from the village located 13 km from the Safranbolu and at the entrance of Düzce village and Kozcağız suburb there are fields of wild life protected area.
BULAK (MENCILIS) CAVE
The Bulak Cave which is the longest 5th cave of Turkey is in Karabük province, in Bulak village. Bulak (Mencilis) Cave is 8 kilometers distance from the town located northwest of the village of Bulak. The total length of the cave is 6042 meters and it has 3 floors. When you enter the cave, you are welcomed by the refreshing coolness every months of the year. After you achieve to get to the main gallery there is a small underground river dominated by magnificent colors, a waterfall and two separate lakes. The water from the waterfall streams down from 15 meter high and it is known as the water mixing in to the soil and comes back out in to the earth between the rocks. At Byzantine and Ottoman times a branch of this cave was the source of waterway leading to the city center. Today, the shortness of breath of the Mencilis cave is assumed to be good for diseases such as asthma and bronchitis.
It was originally built in Byzantine times but it was restored in the 1790s by Izzet Mehmet Pasa. Incekaya Aqueduct is over 7 kms North of Safranbolu. You are no longer allowed to walk across it due to safety concerns. The aqueduct an entrance leads down into the Tokatlı Canyon where there are excellent views looking back up to the arched stone structure from the wooden walkway.